Perimenouse or premenopause is the term used to describe the symptoms women face due to hormonal changes when they are nearing the stage of menopause. It is also referred to as menopausal transition when a women’s body undergoes transition from regular menstruation cycle and ovulation to permanent infertility. Occurrence of premenoupasue varies with each woman at different age range but it most commonly and generally occurs when they reach their 40’s. During this time their menstruation cycle becomes irregular; they either get longer or shorter, lighter or heavier, the ovulation does not follow the regular cycle, and common probability is the duration between the periods growing longer. This is the time when post women complain of hot flashes, vaginal dryness and experience insomnia and poorer sex drive. When a woman completes a full twelve months without menstruation cycle she is said to have attained complete menopause.
Variety of treatments are available to treat perimenopausal symptoms. These treatments mainly work on regularising the periods. If one is suffering from hot flashes, vaginal dryness or insomnia during perimenopause doctors may suggest oral contraceptive pills to help get over these issues. Progestin therapy can be considered for the ones who cannot or does not want to consume contraceptive pills to regularize menstrual cycle. Progestin aids in relieving one from heavy bleeding.
Another surgical treatment for perimenopause is endometrial ablation. This is procedure that destroys or ablates the uterine lining of the endometrium with a laser.
As a result of which there is decrease or complete permanent stop of menstruation cycle. This treatment is helpful for women who experience heavy bleeding as a result of perimenopause. However it is advised to discuss the pros and cons of this surgical procedure with your physician in detail before considering this method.
Do It Yourself
Maintaining a healthy diet and following regular exercise regime can help one to get through perimenopause and related issues. All these need no medical intervention. Follow a diet which is rich in fibre and calcium, this aids in strengthening your bones and regulating your body. All women should consider consuming Vitamin supplements when they reach their 40’s, since their body may possibly not get all the required nutrients through a regular diet alone.
It is best advised to reduce intake of caffeinated beverages and alcohol. Smoking aggravates perimenopausal symptoms hence it is best to quit smoking during this time. The need of the hour is regular exercise and staying fit, one has to follow a daily exercise regime for a minimum of half an hour each and stay in shape to avoid gaining extra pounds. This will also boost your mood and strengthen your bones avoiding aching joints and muscle strains. Exercises also help you to sleep better.
Increased stress level is one of the reasons for perimenopausal issues. Thus, it is advised to practice relaxations techniques like yoga, deep breathing and meditation to reduce both mental and physical stress levels thus alleviating the symptoms if premenopause. The best mantra is to incorporate these practices in your daily schedule.